Tempers frayed when Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi used a TV interview on Aug. 5 to harangue Saudi Arabia over the issue, threatening that Islamabad itself would call a meeting of the Organization of Islamic Conference. That was seen as challenging Saudi Arabia’s leadership of the OIC, and angered an ally that is the biggest source of remittances into Pakistan, and among its largest creditors.
“Pakistan is asking you to play the role that Muslim Ummah expects from you,” Qureshi said. “I know the foreign office will get tense from what I said, but Kashmiris are being killed.”
Bajwa’s visit is aimed at damage control between the historically close nations. While Saudi Arabia hasn’t responded officially to Qureshi’s comments, local reports say the kingdom is starting to withdraw financial support for Pakistan.
The Express Tribune reported earlier this month that Pakistan’s fourth-largest trading partner hadn’t yet decided on a request to extend a 2018 facility that expired on July 9 allowing deferred payments on $3.2 billion a year worth of oil. Usually the facility is rolled over before its expiry on the request of the borrower, said Yawar Uz Zaman, head of research at Pearl Securities Ltd.
Prime Minister Imran Khan’s government also unexpectedly repaid a $1 billion low-cost loan to Saudi Arabia from $3 billion that it had refinanced about six months ago. Khan’s first overseas visit as prime minister was to Saudi Arabia in 2018, and on trips to the kingdom and the United Arab Emirates he had negotiated $5 billion of loans.
“Pakistani elites have a bad habit of taking Saudi support for granted given what Saudi has done for Pakistan over the decades,” Ali Shihabi, a Saudi commentator close to the government, said on Twitter Thursday. “Well the party is over and Pakistan needs to deliver value to this relationship.”
The last time relations between the two nations took a dive was in 2015, when Pakistan declined to send troops to support Saudi-backed forces in Yemen. But the situation improved after Khan was elected as premier. Shortly after the 2018 murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, Khan visited Riyadh for an investment conference even after speakers including Jamie Dimon, chief executive officer of JPMorgan Chase & Co., and U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin stayed away.