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Compression Stockings: What are they and when should a Patient Wear them?

Compression Stockings: What are they and when should a Patient Wear them?

Compression stockings, what are they and when should they be worn? Many people don’t know this. In addition, compression stockings are often confused with compression stockings. Are you curious about what compression stockings are exactly and when it is recommended to have patients wear compression stockings? Then read on quickly! 

What are Compression Stockings?

Compression stockings are elastic stockings that provide support to the lower leg by applying pressure. The stockings are becoming more and more popular and can be used for different purposes. Previously, the socks were mainly used for people with complaints such as thrombosis, varicose veins and lymphedema. The stockings stimulate the blood circulation, which greatly improves the drainage to the heart and lungs. In addition, the muscles are supplied with oxygen more quickly and the stocking gives extra stability to the calf and Achilles tendon. Compression socks are also recommended for patients who suffer from tired, swollen or heavy legs. Many people suffer from fluid that builds up in the lower legs, causing a ‘heavy feeling’ . The compression stockings put pressure on the fabric so that the moisture is removed. Compression stockings are often confused with compression stockings. However, this is something completely different. Compression stockings are worn to prevent complaints. Support socks are worn against this for the treatment of complaints that already exist.

Sports Compression Stockings

In addition to good blood circulation, the stockings also ensure the supply of nutrients. This leads to less cramping in, for example, the ankles and calves. This makes it easy to prevent injuries, which is ideal for athletes. There are also sports compression stockings especially for athletes. These are mainly worn by runners. Compression stockings are often chosen for injuries to the lower legs. These are injuries to, for example, the Achilles tendon, the calf or shin splints. It also has advantages to wear the stockings after walking. It has been proven that athletes experience less muscle pain when they use compression stockings after training. So if patients have a lot of muscle pain after exercise in addition to shin splints, they can wear these stockings not only during exercise, but also afterwards.

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Different Types of Compression Stockings

There are a total of 4 different types of compression classes in which the stockings can be classified. The higher the class, the higher the pressure exerted by the compression stocking. Below you can read in which situation which stocking applies.

  • Class 1: stockings with a light and mild compression. These are worn with a tired and heavy feeling in the legs and slight varicose veins.
  • Class 2: stockings with medium compression. These are applicable for varicose veins, swelling or for the treatment of leg wounds.
  • Class 3: high compression stockings. These apply to severe varicose veins and the healing of an open leg.
  • Class 4: stockings with very strong compression. These apply to severe lymphedema, vein diseases and elephantiasis.

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