science

Dog bite-related hospital admissions treble in 20 years


Adult hospital admissions for dog bites tripled in England in the last 20 years, according to experts who are warning of a “growing public health problem”.

A study by scientists at the University of Liverpool has revealed annual hospital admission rates across all ages rose from six per 100,000 people in 1998 to 15 per 100,000 people in 2018, equating to more than 8,000 admissions.

The researchers said the findings, published in the journal Scientific Reports, show dogs bites are “a huge public health issue” and present “just the tip of the iceberg”.

Lead author Dr John Tulloch, an epidemiologist, said: “Despite sustained education and preventative campaigns across large parts of society, the issue of dog bites continues to grow and is a huge public health issue.

“Dogs provide large benefits to society, especially in these difficult times where they can provide great companionship.

“However, working and living with animals can pose an injury risk.

“Our study presents just the tip of the iceberg, as it only includes injuries severe enough to require hospital admission.”

As part of their study, the team looked at the incidence of patients admitted to NHS hospitals in England for dog bites between 1998-2018.

They found children aged 14 years or under made up about 25 per cent of all admissions, but their incidence remained relatively stable, averaging 14 admissions per 100,000 people a year.

In contrast, the researchers found rates in adults tripled from five to 15 admissions per 100,000 people.

The rates were also found to vary between different local authorities, with the highest incidence of bites found in the most deprived neighbourhoods, and rural areas reporting higher admission rates than urban ones.

The City of London had the lowest incidence at just one admission per 100,000 people while Knowsley in Merseyside had the highest incidence with 24 admissions per 100,000 people, the experts said.

Healthcare costs to the NHS associated with dog bites also increased, the researchers added, peaking in the financial year 2017/2018 at about £71 million.

This included £25.1m in hospital admissions and £45.7m in A&E attendance.

Dog behaviour expert Dr Carri Westgarth, from the University of Liverpool, said: “It is important to remember that any dog can bite regardless of how well you know the dog, and most bites will occur in the owner’s home.

“As we spend even more time with our dogs during lockdown we should ensure that we give dogs their own safe space to be alone, give them plenty of exercise and mental stimulation, and when your dog wants to be left alone – leave them be.

“Dog bites to children can be very severe so ensure that you observe children and dogs closely and intervene when necessary.

“Dogs do not want to bite you, it is a last resort response for them, so watch out for any warning signs of them being uncomfortable in a situation and remove yourselves, or them, from it.”

Additional reporting by PA



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