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Electric car chargers offer 9% return: Green return or high risk bond?


Investment offer: The 50 new chargers funded by the green bond will be operated under the Be.EV brand

Investment offer: The 50 new chargers funded by the green bond will be operated under the Be.EV brand

Investors are being offered a five-year ‘green bond’ paying a 9 per cent annual return to fund a string of electric vehicle chargers across Greater Manchester.

Operating firm Iduna plans to install 50 new chargers by raising £4million via the investment platform Abundance, which specialises in environmental and social projects.

Regulators have cracked down on companies selling company debt in exchange for interest payments to regular investors after many suffered heavy losses in mini-bond scandals, such as the collapse of London Capital & Finance. 

But Abundance, which is regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority, stresses that Iduna’s bonds are ‘debentures’ secured on all the firm’s assets, including its 50 new chargers, and it will give mandatory updates to investors.

The bonds are also tradeable on the Abundance marketplace before the maturity date – although sales rely on finding willing buyers – rather than investors being wholly dependent on the issuing firm not going bust.

However, such investment products always come with serious risk warnings. See below for what to investigate before buying company debt, and read more here.  

Investors can invest in the Iduna green bonds with a minimum of £5 on the Abundance platform, and hold them in an an innovative finance Isa or a self-invested personal pension (Sipp).

However, Abundance customers have to declare that they are either a sophisticated investor – meaning, for example, that they are a director of a sizeable company – or will put no more than 10 per cent of their investable wealth in any one project.

Iduna plans to pay interest and repay capital to investors at the end of five years out of the revenues made from electricity sales and advertising at the charger sites.

The firm has an agreement with Transport for Greater Manchester to build and operate its chargers at chosen ‘hotpots’ where usage by electric vehicle owners is likely to be high.

It has no commercial relationship with TfGM, and the authority does not have a stake in the new chargers or take a share of Iduna’s revenue. Greater Manchester aims to become a carbon neutral region by 2038.

Iduna already manages – but does not own – 131 other chargers on behalf of TfGM under the brand Be.EV. 

As these chargers belong to TfGM, the bond is not secured on them, only on the 50 new units.

However, the new chargers funded by the green bond will also be operated under the Be.EV brand.

Electric vehicle drivers are charged via pay-as-you-go or via an optional membership scheme. 

Iduna chief executive Asif Ghafoor said: ‘We believe that many people want to play an active role in the climate change challenges we all face and will embrace the tools that will make a positive difference.

‘Our aim is to accelerate the delivery of electric vehicle charging infrastructure using the latest charging technology, data analytics and experienced supply chain partners.

‘We are starting with Greater Manchester, one of the first cities to recognise the climate emergency and well placed to become a leading light in the UK’s transition to low carbon transport.’ 

A Transport for Greater Manchester spokesperson said: ‘Iduna is currently contracted to install and operate TfGM’s electric vehicle charging infrastructure.

‘Separately, Iduna is seeking the capital to make their own investments in their own infrastructure. Transport for Greater Manchester has no commercial interest in this venture and is not underwriting the debt raise.’

What should investors weigh up before buying bonds like this?

‘Abundance is building a good track record of ethical investment projects but investors must assess this bond as carefully and dispassionately as they would any other investment,’ says Russ Mould, investment director at AJ Bell.

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‘With bonds, the major risks are credit risk (default), market risk (interest rate rises), inflation risk (erodes the value of the fixed coupons in real terms) and liquidity risk (how easy it is to buy or sell the bonds).

Russ Mould: It is best to have a portfolio of bonds across types of issuer, credit rating and duration

Russ Mould: It is best to have a portfolio of bonds across types of issuer, credit rating and duration

‘The investor needs to assess these potential challenges and then decide whether the coupon offers enough compensation for them, using the 10-year gilt – or ‘risk-free rate’ – as your benchmark.

Mould notes that the 10-year yield on UK government bonds, known as gilts, is currently 0.77 per cent so a 9 per cent yield offers plenty of compensation for interest rate, inflation and liquidity risk.

But he says investors then need to take a view on whether the planned sources of revenue – electricity generation and advertising – will generate enough income to pay the interest over the life of the bond.

‘If they think this is the case, they might like to consider the bonds as a part of the fixed-income portion of their portfolio, albeit at the higher end of the risk spectrum.

‘Just as with shares, it is best to have a portfolio of bonds across types of issuer, credit rating and duration (time to maturity).’

‘If they think this is not the case, investors may decide to steer clear in the view that even a 9 per cent yield does not compensate them for the potential risks.’

Handy checklist: What do you need to know before buying bonds

* Any investor buying individual shares or bonds would be wise to learn the basics of reading a balance sheet. Read a guide here.

* When looking at bonds, research all recent available reports and accounts from the issuer thoroughly. You can find official stock market announcements including company results on This is Money here. You can search Companies House here.

* Check the cash flow is healthy and consistent. Also look at the interest cover – the ratio which shows how easily a firm will be able to meet interest repayments on its debt. This is calculated by dividing earnings before interest and taxes (known as EBIT) by what it spends on paying interest. A guide to doing investment sums like this is here.

* It is very important to find out what the bond debt is secured against, and where you would stand in the queue of creditors if the issuer went bust. This should be included in the details of the bond offer but contact the issuer direct if it is unclear.

* Consider whether to spread your risk by buying a bond fund, rather than tying up your money with just one company or organisation.

* Inexperienced investors who are unsure about how bonds work or their potential tax liabilities should seek independent financial advice. Find an adviser here.

* If the interest rate is what attracts you to the bond, weigh up whether it is truly worth the risk involved. Generally speaking, the higher the rate on offer, the higher the risk.

* If the issuer is a listed company, before you decide whether to buy it is worth checking the dividend yield on the shares to see how it compares with the return on the bond. Share prices, charts and dividend yields can be found on This Is Money here.

* Investors should bear in mind that it can be harder to judge the risk involved in investing in some bonds than in others – it is easier to assess the likelihood of Tesco going bust than smaller and more specialist businesses.

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