Astronomers say the finding could give a valuable insight into how the galaxy was formed. Although NASA discovered the black hole in 1989, it received heightened attention in 2015 when it consumed an orbiting star. Not all of the star’s matter was consumed, however, as it was superheated by the black hole and ejected a recent report from the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research in Australia has shown.
Instead of ejecting in a straight line, the jets omitted an unusual pattern which astronomers have regarded as a landmark discovery.
In a statement from the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, University of Alberta’s Gregory Sivakoff said: “We were gobsmacked by what we saw in this system — it was completely unexpected.”
Usually, the disks which surround the black hole spin on the same axis but the jet stream of the ejected matter shows that for once, that is not the case.
Professor Sivakoff said: “Finding this astronomical first has deepened our understanding of how black holes and galaxy formation can work.
“It tells us a little more about that big question: ‘How did we get here?’”
The latest news comes following the recent release of the first image of a black hole last month.
The image was captured by the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT), a network of eight radio telescopes spanning locations from Antarctica to Spain and Chile, in an effort involving more than 200 scientists.
Sheperd Doeleman, EHT director said: “Black holes are the most mysterious objects in the universe.
“We have seen what we thought was unseeable.
“We have taken a picture of a black hole.”
The image gives the first direct glimpse into the discs, otherwise known as accretion discs.
Also speaking on the image, France Cordova director of the US National Science Foundation added that the image would “leave an imprint on people’s memories”.