Singapore’s economy expanded at a much slower pace than initially thought in the third quarter, with the government flagging a further moderation in the current quarter and 2019 in part due to the U.S.-Sino trade war.

The prosperous city-state is seen as a bellwether for global growth because international trade dwarfs its domestic economy, equating to about 200 percent of its GDP. Global markets have suffered a shakeout in the past two months as trade tensions fanned worries about a slowdown in world trade, business investment and growth.

The economy grew 3.0 percent in the July-September quarter from the previous three months on an annualized and seasonally adjusted basis, revised final figures from Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI) showed on Thursday. The government’s initial estimate, released on October 12, had showed the economy grew 4.7 percent.

Gross domestic product grew 2.2 percent in the third quarter from the year earlier, slower than the advance estimate of 2.6 percent growth.

The median of 11 analysts in a Reuters poll predicted a 4.2 percent rise quarter-on-quarter and a 2.4 percent rise on a year-on-year basis.

The MTI revised its forecast for GDP growth for 2018 to 3.0 to 3.5 percent, from 2.5 to 3.5 percent previously. It gave a wide range for 2019’s GDP growth forecast of between 1.5 to 3.5 percent.

“The external demand outlook for the Singapore economy in 2019 is slightly weaker as compared to 2018. At the same time, risks in the global economy are tilted to the downside,” Loh Khum Yean, permanent secretary for trade and industry said.

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“There is the risk of a further escalation of the ongoing trade conflicts between the U.S. and its key trading partners, which could trigger a sharp fall in global business and consumer confidence.”



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