Type 2 diabetes is a condition which results in the body losing control of the amount of glucose in the blood, causing blood glucose levels becoming too high. If blood glucose isn’t controlled properly and stays too high, it can lead to a number of problems, including kidney failure, nerve damage, heart disease and stroke.
“Bread falls into the starchy carbohydrate category. All carbohydrates affect blood glucose levels.
“Carbohydrate requirements vary between individuals and depend on age, gender, weight and physical activity.
“The Reference Intake (RI) of carbohydrate is 230g for women and 300g for men.
“These figures are just a guide and are based on the requirements of an average woman and man. Depending on your nutritional goals, you may require less.”
Most supermarkets and local markets contain different types of bread, the type diabetes charity offers advice for next time you’re choosing a loaf.
Per slice, the following types of bread contain:
- White: 79Kcal – 16.6g carbs – 0.6g fat
- Tiger: 97Kcal – 17g carbs – 0.83g fat
- Granary: 85Kcal – 17g carbs – 0.8g fat
- Pumpernickel: 76Kcal – 14.5g carbs – 0.5g fat
- Pitta: 244Kcal – 18.5g carbs – 1.2g fat
- Seeded: 174Kcal – 29/6g carbs – 4.8g fat
- Bagel: 230Kcal – 44g carbs – 1.2g fat
These could be served with lean chicken, ham, turkey or beef plus chopped tomatoes, grated carrot and cucumber, or reduce-fat cheddar with grated carrot and sultanas.
Garlic and ciabatta bread contain:
- Garlic bread: 71Kcal – 9.4g carbs – 3g fat
- Reduced-fat garlic bread: 54Kcal – 8.98g carbs – 1.2g fat
- Ciabatta: 75Kcal – 12.4g carbs – 1.4g fat
Garlic and ciabatta breada are often available to buy already sliced. so you can control your portion sizes.
Naan and chapatti contain:
- Chapatti made without fat: 111Kcal – 24g carbs – 0.55g fat
- Chapatti made with fat: 197Kcal – 13.9g carbs – 7.7g fat
- Naan: 474Kcal – 79g carbs – 10g fat
Diabetes UK says you should try to avoid adding extra butter, margarine or ghee.
The NHS states there’s nothing you cannot eat if you have type 2 diabetes, but certain foods should be limited.
It advises: “You should eat a wide range of foods – including fruit, vegetables and some starchy foods like pasta, keep sugar, fat and salt to a minimum, and eat breakfast, lunch and dinner every day – do not skip meals.”