Type 2 diabetes causes a person’s body to lose control of the amount of blood sugar (glucose) in the blood. The body doesn’t respond to insulin properly, and may not produce enough, causing blood sugar levels to become too high. If the condition is left untreated, complications which may occur include kidney failure, nerve damage, heart disease and stroke. So what can you do to lower blood sugar levels or keep them under control?
Eating a healthy diet is one way to manage blood sugar levels.
There’s nothing you cannot eat if you have type 2 diabetes, but certain foods should be limited.
The NHS advises: “Eat a wide range of foods – including fruit vegetables and some starchy foods like pasta, keep sugar, fat and salt to a minimum, and eat breakfast, lunch and dinner every day – do not skip meals.”
When it comes to the first meal of the day, breakfast, one food you may want to consider eating is guava.
Some evidence suggests the tropical fruit can improve blood sugar control.
A number of test-tube and animal studies have shown guava lead extract to improve blood sugar levels, long-term blood sugar control and insulin resistance.
A few studies involving humans have also demonstrated impressive results.
One study involving 19 people showed drinking guava lead tea lowered blood sugar levels after a meal. The effects lasted up to two hours.
Another study in 20 people with type 2 diabetes found drinking guava leaf tea reduced blood sugar levels after a meal by more than 10 per cent.
Losing weight, if you’re overweight, also makes it easier for the body to lower blood sugar levels.
Guavas have also been shown to help in this sense.
One fruit contains around 37 calories and is a good source of fibre, making it a filling, low-calorie food.
Alongside eating a healthy diet and losing weight, it’s also important a person is active.
The NHS says: “Physical exercise helps lower your blood sugar level. You should aim for 2.5 hours of activity a week.
“You can be active anywhere as long as what you’re going gets you out of breath.
“This could be fast walking, climbing stairs, and doing more strenuous housework or gardening.”