Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes in the UK, and is a condition in which there is too much sugar in the blood.
People with the condition can take medication to control it, but it’s also essential to ensure a healthy lifestyle and follow a balanced diet.
It’s important to keep diabetes under control, as if left untreated it can lead to health complications involving the heart, nerves, feet, eyes and kidneys.
Contrary to what many people think, having diabetes doesn’t mean you can’t consume any sugar at all, but it is important to cut down on it.
According to diabetes.co.uk, one popular drink which people with the condition may want to avoid is fruit juice.
While fruit is an essential part of a balanced diet, and fruit juice can contribute to your five-a-day, it is also high in sugar.
“Fruit juice contains a large amount of sugar which raises blood sugar levels very quickly,” said diabetes.co.uk.
“Therefore, people with diabetes are usually best to avoid drinking fruit juice.”
Adults in the UK are advised to consume no more than 30g of sugar a day, and half a pint of fruit juice contains more than this.
Once fruit is blended into juice, much of the fibre found in the fruit is also lost, removing an important element of a balanced diet.
In addition, fruit juice contains more calories than the whole fruit, which can also increase the risk of developing diabetes-related complications.
A 250ml glass of unsweetened orange juice typically contains around 100 calories, versus 60 calories in an actual orange.
Health experts therefore advise eating the whole fruit rather than fruit juice.
According to diabetes.co.uk, recent research also suggests regular consumption of fruit juice may increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the first place.
This is because fructose – the sugar found in fruit juice – can cause problems for the liver if too much is consumed.
If the liver is overwhelmed with fructose, it can lead to type 2 diabetes as well as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
On the glycaemic index, orange juice falls between 66 and 76 on a scale of 100, making it a high GI drink.
The glycaemic index is used to reflect the impact of certain foods on blood sugar levels.
“GI foods and drinks are best avoided by people with diabetes under most circumstances,” said diabetes.co.uk.
Fruit juice is a good source of nutrients and vitamins, but health professionals advise sourcing these from whole fruits or vegetables.