Type 2 diabetes: Five foods to cut down on to prevent blood sugar spikes

Type 2 diabetes is often caused by a person being overweight or obese – a result of poor diet choices and lack of exercise.

If diabetes isn’t treated, complications such as eye and foot problems can occur. In severe cases it can lead to heart attack and stroke.

Those diagnosed with the condition, plus those looking to prevent it, are advised to make simple changes to their diet, such as counting the amount of carbohydrates they eat.

There are five other rules to remember for those looking to control their blood sugar level, which involve cutting down on certain foods.

These are, according to

  • Cut down on sugar
  • Cut down on processed meat
  • Cut down on energy dense, processed food – such as crisps, cakes, biscuits and pastries
  • Cut down on alcohol
  • Cut down on salty processed foods

Other recommendations include eating plenty of vegetables, having sufficient fibre in your diet, and eating fish regularly.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms can be hard to detect because they are do not always show and can develop gradually.

This type of diabetes is usually picked up during a routine medical examination or screening test for non-related health problems.

The NHS lists the following symptoms:

  • Peeing more than usual, particularly at night
  • Feeling thirsty all the time
  • Feeling thirsty all the time
  • Feeling very tired
  • Losing weight without trying to
  • Itching around your penis or vagina, or repeatedly getting thrush
  • Cuts or wounds taking longer to heal
  • Blurred vision

The health body adds: “You’re more at risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you are over 40 or 25 for south Asian people, have a close relative with diabetes – such as a parent, brother or sister, are overweight or obese, or are of south Asian, Chinese, African Caribbean or black African origin – even if you were born in the UK.”

So what else can help control blood sugar levels?

A new study published in there Journal of Dairy Science revealed consuming a high-protein milk-based drink at breakfast could reduce a person’s appetite at lunchtime and therefore slash the risk of obesity.

The research, lead by Dr Douglas Goff of the University of Guelph, examined the effects of drinking high-protein milk for breakfast and then a high-carbohydrate cereal.

Participants’ blood glucose levels, feeling of fullness and the amount of food they consumed later on in the day were compared.

They discovered the whey and casein proteins in milk, if drunk first thing, can release gastric hormones that slow digestion and increase feelings of fullness.


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