Type 2 diabetes affects insulin in the body. Everybody needs insulin to live and has an essential job to help keep the body healthy. Insulin allows the glucose in the blood to enter the cells and fuel the body. When a person has type 2 diabetes, the body still breaks down carbohydrate from the food and drink and turns it into glucose. The pancreas responds to this by releasing insulin, however, this insulin cannot work properly, and blood sugar levels keep rising and more insulin is released. This plays havoc on the body but there could be a beverage that helps to lower the risk of developing this condition.
The researchers concentrated on a four-year period and their conclusions were published in a 2014 study.
It was discovered that people who increased their coffee intake by over one cup per day had an 11 percent lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Compounds found in coffee appear to block the toxic accumulation of a protein linked with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
Professor of Biological pharmacy at the Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Dr Kun Huang said: “We found three major coffee compounds can reverse this toxic process and may explain why coffee drinking is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.”
Previous studies have also found that people who drink four or more cups of coffee a day have a 50 percent lower risk of getting type 2 diabetes.
The study was published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
Explaining the reduced risk of type 2 diabetes among coffee drinkers is an ongoing effort, according to Dr Vivian Fonseca, president for medicine and science for the American Diabetes Association.
“This study tested how oral caffeine affects carbohydrate metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes, for whom decreases in insulin sensitivity might result in exaggerated hyperglycaemic responses to glucose and other carbohydrates, which would aggravate the glycaemic dysregulation found in the disease.”
The study concluded that acute administration of caffeine impaired postprandial glucose metabolism in these diabetic patients.
However, there were also increases in some patients.