Vitamin D plays a significant part in keeping our teeth, bones and muscles healthy. The NHS says the vitamin does this by helping to regulate the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body. People tend to absorb vitamin D from sunlight but can fall short of the daily criteria during the long winter months.
This places them at risk of vitamin D deficiency, potentially causing damage to your bones.
Children who do not have enough vitamin D can develop a dangerous skeletal disorder call rickets, which stunts bone development.
Adults can also be affected by suffering from bone pain.
What are the symptoms of low Vitamin D?
Healthline says there are eight major symptoms pointing to Vitamin D deficiency.
Vitamin D deficiency symptoms include:
– Getting sick or infected on a regular basis
– Feeling tired or fatigued
– Receiving bone pain or lower back pain
– Feeling depressed
– An inability for wounds to heal quickly
– Low bone mineral density meaning bone loss
– Hair loss
– Muscle pain
How much vitamin D do you need per day?
Adults and children typically need 10 micrograms of vitamin D per day.
But babies aged one and under only need between 8.5mg and 10mg.
The easiest way to top up your vitamin D levels is by going for a quick 20-minute walk, as advised by This Morning’s Dr Chris Steele.
He told Express.co.uk: “We need vitamin D for virtually every cell in our body.
“There’s so much research coming out showing that vitamin D, or low levels of vitamin D, can be associated with heart disease, cancers, depression, dementia, arthritis – the list really is quite impressive.
“The interesting thing about vitamin D is that the body has its own factory to make it – and your own factory is your skin.
“And it’s the skin exposed to sunlight that produces vitamin D for the body.”
People less mobile can supplement their vitamin D levels through diet.
The NHS recommends eating oily fish, red meat, liver, egg yolks and fortified foods such as breakfast cereals.
Unfortunately, cows’ milk is not fortified meaning it is not a good source of vitamin D alone.