Wall Street stocks gained on Tuesday as hopes of more stimulus measures helped counter a mixed start to quarterly earnings season by the biggest US banks.
The S&P 500 closed 1.3 per cent higher in New York, reversing an opening fall, while the Nasdaq Composite index rose 0.9 per cent.
Stocks rallied after Lael Brainard, a Federal Reserve governor, said she advocated doing more to boost the US economy, including the potential introduction of yield curve control, a policy tool that seeks to cap interest rates by pledging to buy bonds.
A “thick fog of uncertainty” meant monetary and fiscal support “will remain vital” to economic recovery, she said in a webcast.
Investors have been bracing themselves for a grim US earnings season, with S&P 500 companies expected to report a 45 per cent plunge in quarterly profits. That would be the biggest drop since the depths of the 2008-09 financial crisis.
Wells Fargo cut its dividend by 80 per cent after reporting its first loss since 2008. Citi said its net income for the second quarter came in at $1.3bn, down 73 per cent from the year before, citing a “deterioration” in the economic outlook, while JPMorgan warned of “significant uncertainty” ahead and revealed almost $10.5bn of loan loss provisions in the second quarter.
“Equities are navigating through a zone of uncertainty, because earnings visibility remains elusive and fresh spikes of Covid-19 are occurring in the majority of US states, delaying and even rolling back economic reopening,” said Terry Sandven, chief equity strategist at the wealth management unit of Minnesota-based US Bank.
Among the day’s biggest movers, shares of nCino soared 200 per cent on the Nasdaq debut of the developer of a cloud-based operating system for financial institutions. It hit a session high of $91.88, after selling shares in its public offering at $31 each for a fully-diluted market valuation of $3bn.
Europe caught up on Tuesday with Wall Street’s late losses a day earlier, with the continent-wide Stoxx 600 and Frankfurt’s Xetra Dax both shedding 0.8 per cent. London’s FTSE 100 ended little changed.
Elizabeth Geoghegan, fixed income portfolio manager at Mediolanum, said it was notable that stock markets had risen so high while the yield on US 10-year Treasuries had been depressed. Typically, low medium-term bond yields point to muted expectations for future economic growth.
On Tuesday, the 10-year Treasury yield slipped a further 0.03 percentage points to come close to 0.6 per cent, as investor demand for the haven asset remained strong.
“It is a sign of how cautious investors are about this rally — they are participating in this uptick but they’re not willing to let go of their haven Treasury assets,” she said.
The muted activity on Tuesday follows a turbulent session in New York on Monday, when the S&P 500 ended almost 1 per cent lower after briefly crossing into positive territory for the year.
That decline was spurred in part by California’s decision to join Texas and Arizona in rolling back its economic reopening. Gavin Newsom, governor of the most populous US state, ordered the closure of bars, cinemas and dine-in restaurants in an effort to contain a sharp rise in Covid-19 cases and hospitalisations.
The Cboe’s Vix index of S&P 500 volatility, known as Wall Street’s fear gauge, was elevated above 30 on Tuesday following the sharp declines.
The closely watched Bank of America survey for July revealed that fund managers viewed tech stocks — which fell sharply on Monday — as the best short position to hold, given their high valuations and stretched performance.
Chris Beckett, head of equity research at Quilter Cheviot, said that valuations of tech companies were reasonable, considering they had prospered from the shift towards working from home and ecommerce during the pandemic.
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He added that outlooks provided by companies during earnings season would help direct stocks, since investors already expected second-quarter results to be awful.
“We get better access to company management at a point where they feel more able to give a clear steer of what current trading looks like and what the future looks like.”
Equities in the Asia-Pacific region recorded broad losses. China’s CSI 300 index of Shanghai- and Shenzhen-listed stocks shed 1 per cent after the US vowed on Monday to adopt a tougher stance against China’s territorial claims in the South China Sea.
Offshore investors shifted out of Chinese stocks at a record pace with net sales of Rmb17.4bn ($2.5bn) via stock connect programmes between Hong Kong and mainland bourses on Tuesday, according to Financial Times calculations based on Bloomberg data.