What bubble? China's record-breaking venture capitalists charge ahead

HONG KONG (Reuters) – China’s venture capital scene has been on fire this year and a record-breaking run to unicorn status by a Chinese coffee startup suggests it is not cooling yet.

FILE PHOTO: Men check their mobile phones outside a Luckin Coffee store in Beijing, China July 17, 2018. REUTERS/Jason Lee/File Photo

Luckin Coffee took just six months to reach a $1 billion “unicorn” valuation, a performance that is helping boost investor appetite for Chinese startups, even as they estimate that valuations are far outstripping U.S. ones.

This month at Hong Kong’s RISE technology conference, a key stop on the Asian venture capital circuit, investors told Reuters that startups in China were 30 to 40 percent more expensive than their U.S. counterparts and in some cases, were even valued at twice the price.

“If I put my U.S. lenses on, this is insane,” said Edith Yeung, partner at 500 Startups, a California-based venture capital firm. But, she said, the calculus for investors was the sheer size of the Chinese market, noting that the WeChat social media platform had three times more daily users than the population of the United States.

“Everything is sort of relative,” Yeung said.


Luckin Coffee typifies the optimism evident in China’s start-up scene. The Beijing-based coffee delivery firm only began operating in January and has plans to expand its 660-strong network to challenge Starbucks, with 3,400 stores.

Detractors point out that Luckin’s fast growth has relied heavily on cut-price promotions and warn it also faces heavy competition from other chains such as Canada’s Tim Horton’s.

FILE PHOTO: The logo of Chinese online group discounter Pinduoduo is seen next to its mobile phone app in this illustration picture taken July 17, 2018. REUTERS/Florence Lo/File Photo

Its backers still see value however.

“Luckin’s valuation is not cheap or lofty – it’s reasonable,” said David Li, head of Centurium Capital. The former head of Warburg Pincus Asia Pacific led Luckin’s recent $200 million financing round and maintains it is not a conventional start-up, pointing to a management of experienced, serial entrepreneurs.

At the other end of the scale from Luckin sits Ant Financial [ANTFIN.UL], the Chinese payments giant that became the world’s largest unicorn in June when it secured $14 billion in fresh funds that valued the firm at $150 billion.

In search of the next Ant, Sequoia Capital China, the local arm of the Silicon Valley-based venture capital giant, is close to raising 15 billion yuan ($2.3 billion) in its fifth yuan-denominated China-focused fund, the largest of its kind.

“Lots of China’s rising sizable tech companies are promising and still fast-growing, and rely on fundraising for further growth. We are increasing our fund size to capture those opportunities,” said Zhou Kui, a partner at Sequoia China.

The firm’s recent investments include Bitmain Technologies, a Chinese bitcoin mining equipment maker, Pinduoduo Inc (PDD.O), a fast-growing e-commerce firm, and the self-driving start-up

On average, a startup in China reaches unicorn status about 18 months quicker than its U.S. equivalent, according to Pitchbook, an industry data provider.

“There is a lot of aggression and hunger,” said Jixun Foo, managing partner at GGV Capital. “It’s important to recognise the amount of talent and capital that’s pouring into this market. That’s capitalizing on a lot of change.”


Beijing’s deleveraging campaign, which has driven up borrowing costs, slowed the economy and aggravated already tight market liquidity, could potentially affect fundraising for funds and companies, some investors warned.

For now, however, venture capitalists are confident they can exit via either an IPO or a sale.

Hong Kong is readying for a series of blockbuster tech deals, led by smartphone maker Xiaomi’s (1810.HK) $5.4 billion float in July, the world’s biggest tech IPO in four years.

Despite a relatively weak debut by Xiaomi, the earliest investors in the company still made 866 times their initial investments at the IPO price, said Hans Tung, San Francisco-based managing partner with GGV, which invested in Xiaomi from day one.

“The next two to three IPOs will determine whether people will come in big numbers,” he said.

The trump card for those shrugging off bubble fears in China is the presence of other deep-pocketed buyers including Alibaba Group (BABA.N), Tencent Holdings (0700.HK) and SoftBank Group (9984.T), with its $100 billion Vision Fund.

The three have shelled out some $45 billion since 2015 across 71 investments in Chinese tech companies, according to Thomson Reuters data.

Chinese venture capital funds have so far performed better than their global peers, delivering a multiple of money – the total return on investment – of 1.72 times, compared to their U.S. peers’ 1.59 times, according to May data from eFront, which analyses around 4,000 funds.

Tay Choon Chong, China managing partner at Vertex Ventures, an arm of the Singapore state investor Temasek Holdings, shrugged off concerns that any nascent bubbles posed a real danger to the wider venture capital scene.

“It’s like beer. You need the right amount of bubbles for it to taste good,” said Tay, who has been investing in China since 2009.

Reporting by Kane Wu and Julie Zhu in HONG KONG


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